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23 พ.ย. 2553

Mae Mai Muay Thai

Hak Nguang Ai Yara



Hak Nguang Ai Yara
This technique is used to counter-attack the kick by throwing the elbow to the thigh.
Attacker: Throws the right kick to the defensive’s rib, bends the both arms to guard the face.
Defensive: Hurry to stepped the right foot forwards closed to the attacker. Turns the rib to the left, bends the right knee, while the left was straight, then catches the attacker’s right foot with left hand and pulls it up, strikes the right elbow to the attacker’s ham and holds the attacker’s right foot on the high to lost the balance in order to defense the attacker’s elbow.
If the attacker kicks with the left foot, do the same as above in the opposite directions.
Words Description:
Hak      = To break
Nguang = trunk
Ai Yara = elephant


Jara Khe Fad Hang

JaraKhae FadHang
This technique is used when the opponent throws the punch to the wrong target and loses his balance, then turns the body to kick by swinging the heel back.
Attacker: Throws the straight left and steps the left foot forwards.
Defensive: Quick to jumping with right foot to half right in order to escaped the attacker’s punch. Bends the arm to guard the face. Stands on the left foot and turns the body to kick at the abdomen or head with the right heel.
If the attacker uses the right punch or the right foot, kick him with the left foot.
Words Descriptions:
Jara khae = a crocodile
Fad         = to thrash
Hang       = tail


Mon Yan Lak

MonYanLak
This is the important skill. This technique is used to defense the fists by throwing a kick to the top of the chest or abdomen.
Attacker: Throws the straight left punch and steps the left foot forwards.
Defensive: Always out wards to the right about 45 degrees, the weight on the right foot. Bends the both arms to guard the face, at the same time throws the left foot to the top of the chest of the abdomen of the attacker to push him away.
If the attacker strobes with the right punch do the same as above in the opposite directions.
Words Description:
Mon = Mon
Yan  = to shore up
Lak  = a stake

1 ต.ค. 2553

The King Rama I

KING BUDDHA YOT FA CHULALOK
KING BUDDHA YOT FA CHULALOK [ Rama I ] 1782 - 1809
His Majesty King Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke the first king of the Chakri Dynasty who established Bangkok as the capital of Thailand. He born in Ayutthaya on March 20, 1737, the son of Phra Aksorn Sundara Smiantra, he was formerly known as Thong Duang. Following the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767 he entered the service of Phraya Taksin and fought by his side in almost every campaign until the latter became King Taksin, establishing the capital at Thonburi. He was created Luang Yorkrabat, then Phra Rajvarin, Chao Phraya Chakri and eventually Somdetch Chao Phraya Maha Kashatriya Suk by King Taksin, and following the deposition of King Taksin on April 6, 1782 [ at the age of 45 ] was chosen King, becoming the founder and first ruler of the House of Chakri two hundred years ago.



KING BUDDHA YOT FA CHULALOK
On the year of his accession he moved the capital from Thonburi to the opposite bank of the Chao Phraya River, thus founding the city of Bangkok. It was during his reign that the Grand Palace was constructed and he installed the Emerald Buddha in the Chapel Royal following its completion. He died in Bangkok on September 7, 1809 and, as many historians have stated, the modern Siam dates from his reign.

King Rama I or King Ramatibodi reigned for 28 years and passed away in 1809 at the age of 74. On the occasion of the Rattanakosin Bicentennial 1982, the government decided to give the tillle of "Maharaj" or the Great to King Rama I. He would be called Pra Buddha Yodfa Maharaj.

King Rama I, whose original name was Duang or Thong Duang was born in Ayutthaya during the reign of King Barommakote. After entering monkshood, he joined the King's service as an officer of the royal household. Later, at the age of 25, he was promoted to be the governor of Ratchaburi Province and played an important part in helping King Taksin restore the country's sovereignty many times. He was crowned King at the age of 46 in 1782 and reign for 27 years, dying at the age of 73.

After his coronation, he decided that Thonburi was unsuitable to serve as capital because of limited space for expansion of the palace grounds as both sides were walled in by two temples, namely, the Temple of Dawn and Wat Tai Talad. Furthermore, the palace being located on the bank of the Chao Phraya River, was subjected to erosion by the content and could one day collapse into the river. So, he deemed it appropriate to move the capital city across to the east bank of the river as the land there was level with vast space for expansion. Besides, it offered excellent security against enemy attacks.

KING BUDDHA YOT FA CHULALOK
King Rama I, after considering the pros and cons from a military strategic and economic point of view, decided to move the capital to the new site. He, therefore, erected the city's sacred foundation post as will as transferred the Lord Buddha's relics to a temporary shrine in a definite indication as to where the new capital city would be located. After the foundation post was officially erected, King Rama I moved to the new site and stayed in a temporary palace made of wood. Soon after, the construction of the new palace building began and included the Grand Palace, Dusit Mahaprasat Hall, Pimarnrattaya Hall, Ammarin Vinichchai Hall, and Chakkrabhat Piman Hall, with residential buildings on both side of the Chakkrabhat Piman Hall.

King Rama I also built the Wat Phra Kaeo (Temple of the Emerald Buddha) within the outer compound, east of the Grand Palace. This temple id the most important one in Thailand since it enshrines the Emerald Buddha image.

King Rama I also built the fascinating Wat Po and placed 394 old Buddhist imaged around the main chapel. These images were collected from all parts of the country and restored to their original condition before being installed in their rightful places.

He tore down the Vichayen fortress and the wall on the eastern side of Thonburi in order to make room for the expansion of the city. New canals too were dug during his reign, such as the Rob Krung canal and the Maha Nakorn canal.

In ruling the country, King Rama I was very democratic. He would listen to other people's ideas since he believed that the kingdom did not belong to him alone. Consequently, the people had their say and helped in running the country.

When the new capital city was being built, King Rama I was constantly thinking of the welfare of the people. So after digging canals for the defense of the country, he ordered the digging of the Mahanak canal strictly for the people to use as a waterway.

King Rama I used the same administrative system as that if the Ayutthaya period but formed a special advisory council by combining viziers, civil servants and military personnel. These people were hand-picked from among the top echelon that we must trusted by the king. King Rama I also revised the law making it suitable to the changing times. In a book called "King Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke and his Cultural Revivals" written by HRH Prince Phitayalap Phreuttayakorn, a part reads, "His Majesty the King was worried about the missing law books, nine out of ten of which were destroyed or found missing after the Burmese sacked Ayuthaya. In 1804, King Rama I made a major revision on the laws of the kingdom and came out with a new one called "Laws of the Three Seals" which consisted of civil and military sides.

29 ก.ย. 2553

The City Pillar Shrine

Sao Lak Muang
According to an old Thai tradition, a city pillar had to be built upon the establishment of a new city. King Rama I had the Bangkok city pillar erected near the Temple of the Emerald Buddha on Sunday, 21 April, 1782, with the city's horoscope inside. The original pillar was made of cassia wood known as Chaiyaphruek, measuring 75 cm. in diameter and 27 cm. high. In the reign of King Rama IV, the old dilapidated pillar was replaced by a new one made of the same kind of wood, measuring 270 cm. high and standing on a base of 175 cm. wide, sheltered by a Prang-shaped shrine as it appears today. The shrine also houses images of protective deities including Thepharak, Chaopho Ho Klong, Phra Suea Mueang, Phra Song Mueang, Chaopho Chetakhup and Phra Kan Chai Si.



The original site of the city pillar was at the southwestern corner of Sanam Luang. However, rumor has it that on the day the pillar was raised, four snakes crawled under the shrine and were killed. Soothsayers interpreted this as an ominous sign that Bangkok would only last as the capital for 150 years.In the reign of King Rama IV, these rumors were promptly squashed. Well-versed in astrology, King Rama I chose an auspicious date to rebuilt the city pillar on a more auspicious site. On 05 December 1853, the city pillar was rebuilt in the southeastern corner of Sanam Luang, across the road from the Grand Palace, where it remains to this day.
Lak Muang or the City Pillar Shrine consists of a square building with openings on all four sides. In the center of the room are two gold pillars and six elephant tusks. The roof has three levels of ornate gables on each side and a dazzling white multi-tier square spire.King Rama I also included three guardian angels for the new capital city shrine. Two of these guardian angels are in the Theparat Shrine, just to the right of the main shrine as you enter from Lak Muang Road. At the center of the Lak Muang complex is a simple shed with an altar where it's usual to see devotees pray and make offerings of food and flowers. To the side is a huge table laden with food and four bowls of holy water for people to wash hands and faces.
At the other end of the garden is another building also with an altar where others can be seen praying. Traditional dancers can be seen performing on a nearby stage as part of the thanksgiving ceremony.
Take a rest under the shady sala or pavilion and watch the ceremonies and proceedings. As an auspicious place, it's customary for residents to come to the shrine to make wishes.
When their wishes come true, they reciprocate with prayers and offerings of food and flowers. From the number of devotees and food at the shrine, many wishes must have come true.
Lak Muang or the City Pillar Shrine represents the foundation stone of Bangkok, the start point of the city and the Rattanakosin era. It's the origin of a capital city and a dynasty that's more than 220 years old!
Major restoration to the Bangkok City Pillar Shrine
The City Pillar Shrine or Sao Lak Muang has undergone a major facelift to restore the national monument to its former glory.
This is the first major restoration work in 20 years. Over the years, corrosion and deterioration has caused the shrine to be a dilapidated state. The work was completed in February 2007.
You can check all the accommodations in Bangkok including prices, transportations, activities, etc. here, Bangkok Hotels.

13 ก.ย. 2553

Doi Ang Khang National Park


Doi Angkhang, Fang District is the side of the Royal Agricultural Project accessible via highway 107, with a left turn at kilometer 137 and then along a steep winding road for another 26 kilometers to the top of the hill. It is here that substitution crops for opium are being grown including fruits, flowers, vegetables and herbs, along with other cash crops grown for the purpose of agricultural development among the hilltribes in the area, including the Luha, Pha-Lhong, Yunnanese and Thai Yai. At Doi Ang Khang visitors can see plants being cultivate in this cooler climate including apricots, peaches, plums, carrots, salad greens and beautiful flowers such as carnations, roses, asters and chrysanthemums.

There is also a packing plant within the Royal Project .Cooperative's compound where visitors can buy fresh produce. Another attractive place to visit there is the Bonsai garden with its large collection of miniaturised plants from both tropical and temperate climates. Visitors may also hire from here a pick-up truck to go to Tha Kha market. In Doi Angkhang you can also find accommodation including private lodgings.

Doi Angkhang is Bankum 1 M 5 , T. mae-ngon , A. fang , chiangmai 50320

The locals in Doi Ang Khang grow wide range of fresh produce including vegetables, fruits and herbs. Not only this, various species of flowers are also cultivated here. To contribute towards the agricultural growth of the region, several cash crops are also grown here. It will be fascinating to see the activity of cultivation on the mountain


Doi Ang Khang, also houses a Bonsai garden. The garden flaunts a large assortment of bonsai plants from various regions. The mountain also features Royal Ang Khang Research Station. It is an agricultural project station that was founded in 1969. This demonstration site was set up to cultivate and conduct a research on flowering plants, temperate fruit trees and vegetables.

Doi Ang Khang, Chiang Mai is also growing into steep popularity for mountain trekking in Chiang Mai. The mountain attracts adventure enthusiasts who love thrill and excitement. This place plays an important role in growth of Chiang Mai tourism.Doi Ang Khang features an exceptional natural beauty. It offers magnificent and beautiful views of the city. If you are planning to visit Doi Ang Khang , do carry some warm clothes, as it might get cold during the night. You can also opt to stay in several guesthouses and hotels on Doi Ang Khang . Do enjoy facilities like bird watching, mountain biking and trekking.Doi Ang Khang is a three hour drive from Chaing Mai. It is located in a rather remote part of northern Thailand, so renting your own car and driving yourself is the best way to get to the mountain park. Chiang Mai is also home to the nearest airport and offer guided tours to the mountain. Chiang Mai is easy to reach from anywhere within Thailand by bus, train, and air.
Located about 100kms north of Chiang Mai, the area of Doi Angkhang offers a remote experience that has yet to be overrun with tour buses and camera-toting visitors. The highest peak is 1300m and is accessible by car. With cool year round temperatures, it’s not surprising that Doi Angkhang is referred to as the “Little Switzerland” of Thailand. It’s possible to drive right up to the border post and gaze across a small saddle at the ramshackle Burmese army camp and sweeping landscape beyond.

The road descends into a small village located in the bowl-shaped valley from which the area takes its name and here you’ll find the plush Amari Angkhang resort – promoted as an eco-friendly lodge. Indeed they have made particular effort to incorporate local resources, including people, into their day-to-day running and have minimised their effect on the environment. The resort abuts a hillside forest reserve full of nature trails, and there are also bird-watching activities, as well as horseback riding and even mountain biking trails for the brave.
 In the nearby Doi Angkhang village, you will encounter a market where hill tribe folk sell their woven and handicraft products, and a few modest guesthouses can be found. The road continues along the valley for a further three kilometres before terminating in a forestry centre. Here you can witness first hand the successes of the King’s Project to wean the local people off opium production and into more savoury agriculture

Evidence of wide scale poppy harvesting in the past is still seen in the swathes of cleared mountainside. But today, this national Royal project, which was piloted in this area 20 years ago, has left the area covered in greenhouses. You may visit these, and purchase organic vegetables and fruit as well as potted plants, and visit the excellent flower gardens here which include a large English rose garden and rows of Rhododendrons.

Doi Angkhang
The atmosphere is quiet and peaceful with a wall of mountains in all directions. You also have the opportunity to visit some of the villages of the several different hill tribes who live here, including the Lahu, Lisu and Hmong, as well as the rare Palong. There is a settlement, Baan Nong Mai Bua, populated by the Chinese KMT who escaped to the region fifty years ago after Mao defeated Chiang Kai Shek. Even today it remains very Yunnanese in character.

10 ก.ย. 2553

Khao San Road

 
 Khao San Road
Where the worlds young travelers meet. Khao San Road is a favourite crossroads for the young travelers on a budget. It has evolved over the last two decades from just one small hostel providing low-budget accommodation become one of the worlds most well-known destinations. It has been featured in many movies and television documentaries.

 

During the day, Khao San Road is the scene for back-packers looking for a cheap room while others are arranging transport to their next destination in Thailand or overseas. Some will be just chatting with friends over a cup of coffee or a bowl of noodles.
At night, it turns into a lively thoroughfare lined with street stalls selling cheap clothes, handicrafts, souvenirs and thousands of other items. The lights are on at the many bars where the travelers tell tales of the days adventures and discoveries and the plans for tomorrow. Khao San Road is not just for foreign travelers, many young Thai people like to hang out there, including members of the TV and film production industries.


The location is very convenient for visiting the many tourist attractions on Rattanakosin Island. It is just a 10-minute walk to Sanam Luang and The Grand Palace.
During April when Thais celebrate the Songkran Festival, Khao San Road becomes a fun-filled battleground as everyone, Thais and foreigners indulge in splashing each other with water.The area is also well-known for the wide variety of inexpensive food. This ranges from spicy Thai Tom Yum Gung soup to the ever-popular banana pancake.


You can check all the accommodations in Bangkok including prices, transportations, activities, etc. here, Bangkok Hotels.P.S. For gentlemen who want to understand more about Thai culture, discover the charm of Thai life, or may happen to think about having a Thai wife, this is the information you will have to know, click here.

2 ก.ย. 2553

Doi Suthep


Doi Suthep
Doi Suthep
Covering an area of 262 sq. km.This luxuriant Park is home to more than 300 bird species and nearly 2,000 species of ferns and flowering plants. Some hiking trails in the park pass Hmong villages while others lead to a few small waterfalls where local people come to picnicking on weekends. Accommodations are available near the park headquarters. To get there, take Highway No. 1004, its only 16 kilometers drive northwest of Chiang Mai town. The Park has interesting attractions, which include:The Roof of Thailan


Wat Phra That Doi Suthep
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep

Locals would say, You havent really gone to Chiang Mai unless youve been to Wat Phratat Doi Suthep. Truly, the place is the most important and famous Chiang Mai landmark. Built in 1383, this mountaintop temple has a chedi (pagoda) that houses holy Buddha relics. The gold-plated chedi lies in the middle of a square marble-tiled courtyard. The four corners of the chedi are adorned with parasols which represent royal regalia. The temples courtyard is lined by a cloister, which contains images and murals depicting Buddhas life. There are also two viharns situated in the middle of the east and west sides of the cloister.
This temple is 15 kilometers from town and is 3,520 feet above sea level. It is the perfect place to get a birds eye view of the city. The temple can be reached via a steep Naga staircase comprised of 290 steps or railcars. The temple is open daily from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep

Doi Inthanon National Park

Doi Inthanon National Park
Doi Inthanon
Doi Inthanon was declared a National Park in 1972 and covers an area of more than 1005 square kilometres and is probably Thailand’s best known National Park being the home of the country’s highest mountain, Doi Inthanon, which stands at 2565m (above sea level) and is thus dubbed ‘the Roof of Thailand’.the park is comprised of the largest tract of upper mountain forest Which ranges across Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and ends in Northern Thailand. The mountain ranges gave birth to the main tributaries of the Ping river and formed the beautiful waterfalls, namely Siriphum, Wachirathan, Mae Pan, Mae Klang and Mae Ya. The moist and dense evergreen forest is abundant with lichens and wild orchids. The park is also a paradise for bird lovers. Visiting Doi Inthanon is possible throughout the year however,
the best period for viewing the waterfalls is May through November while the best period for viewing wild flowers is December through
The National Park is located only some 110 kms south west of Chiangmai making it ideal for a one-day trip from the city. Many tour companies offer this as a one-day tour but you should consider hiring a car, complete with driver if Thailand’s traffic is intimidating. This gives you increased freedom of movement and is the option I recently took along with three friends. Leaving Chiangmai we followed Highway 108 until just north of the town of Chom Thong where we turned off and made the ascent along the well-maintained road, directly to the summit.

At first glance the summit appears to be a disappointment with a sealed off military radar establishment at the end of the road. The best time to visit is in the cool season although at this altitude it can get a little chilly at all times of the year. In fact, not only is this Thailands highest point but also, according to records, its coldest. Today was no exception and as we set out to explore the two Thai members of our group, unaccustomed to the cold, were reaching for jackets immediately. We followed a path into the forest and reached a sign declaring this to be ‘the highest point in Thailand’

If you have more time Doi Inthanon is home to the Doi Inthanon Royal Project which can be found at Baan Khun Glang (บ้านขุนกลาง), about 11 kms off the main road near the kilometre 31 marker. The Project promotes a variety of agricultural practises through the mountain’s resident Karen and Meo hilltribe comunities and can be visited. Due to the climate on the mountain, cold weather flowers such as chrysanthemums and carnations make rare appearances for Thailand as do strawberries and apples.

There are also a number of hilltribe villages that can be seen but due to the number of visitors they receive the majority could hardly be described as unspoilt. We headed back towards Chiangmai but for a sample of hilltribe life we made a stop at a roadside Hmong market where the two ladies in our group stocked up on various produce that was well priced and not readily available in Chiangmai. Some of the elder Hmong were dressed in traditional costume and after making the effort to be polite, smiling a lot, and making a few purchases were only too happy to be photographed.
This was an enjoyable end to a thoroughly relaxing day and how I wished I could take the clear fresh air back into Chiangmai with us but held out little hope of such good fortune.


Doi Luang Chiang Dao

Doi Luang Chiang Dao
Doi Luang Chiang Dao is a limestone mountain in the Chiang Dao Wildlife Reserve area, Amphoe Chiang Dao. This cone-shaped mountain is 2,195 metres from sea level, which makes it the third highest mountain in Thailand after Doi Inthanon and Doi Pha Hom Pok. Narrow plains on top of the mountain overlook spectacular views that include a sea of fog on the Amphoe Chiang Dao side, Doi Sam Phi Nong, the Chiang Dao mountain range, and the far end of Doi Inthanon. The peak is cool and windy. It is full of rare highland flowers, birds, and butterflies. Visiting Doi Chiang Dao needs an approval letter from the Director of Wildlife Reserve Division, Royal Forest Department. Travel must be arranged at least 2 weeks in advance. Contact tel. 0 2561 2947 for more information.

How to Get There


From the town of Chaing Mai, take highway 107 to Amphoe Chaing Dao. Here you will go to Kilometer 76. Turn left here and go straight for five kilometers to the Chaing Dao Cave. Here you will see the mini bus that will take you Den Ya Khad Ranger Unit. The total distance from Chaing Mai is 77 kilometers

Doi Luang Chiang Dao

22 ส.ค. 2553

Chiang Mai

Doi-Suthep
Chiang Mai is Thailand’s second largest city, covering some 20,000 square kilometres. With a population of only 250,000 in the city, however, it does not even come close to the size of Bangkok.Many visitors stay in Chiang Mai longer than planned because of the high quality and low cost of accommodation, variety of cuisine and shopping, cool nights, international atmosphere and friendly people. With the increasing number of cultural and spiritual learning experiences available to visitors, Chiang Mai has become more than just a quick stop on the tourist trail.It lies about 800 kilometres north of Bangkok on a mountainous plateau 310 metres above sea level. The city stands along the Ping River, a major tributary of Bangkok’s Chao Praya River. Chiang Mai City also serves as the capital of Chiang Mai Province, which is home to around 700,000 people.
The province of Chiang Mai contains over 300 ancient temples, and some of the country’s oldest. Although rich with history and legendary, mystical attributes, Chiang Mai has developed into a modern, cosmopolitan city of friendly people and manageable size. Its central location makes Chiang Mai an excellent base for exploring the north of Thailand.Many people flock to Chiang Mai to do some trekking into the mountains or rafting down rivers. Others come purely for the fantastic shopping for handicrafts and furniture. Chiang Mai’s elegant hotels tucked in valleys and hillsides provide perfect romantic getaways or soul-searching retreats. As everywhere in this country, Thai cooking is superb and you’re sure to find a restaurant to suit your tastes.
Getting there is relatively easy. There are flights and trains from Bangkok daily as well as a good bus service. If your stay in Thailand is a short one, it’s only an hour’s flight from Bangkok to Chiang Mai.The mountains are taller here than anywhere else in Thailand. Mt. Inthanon, located 106km from Chiang Mai at 2565 metres is the tallest peak in the country. The cooler plains provide fertile soil where fruits, vegetables and tobacco are grown.It would be difficult to find a city that reflects more of the country's diverse cultural heritage than Chiang Mai. Tour buses crowd stunning temples, ablaze with the colour of saffron and humming with the chanting of monks. Hill tribe groups sell their wares in the busy market and local villages. Narrow streets lined with ornately carved teak houses lie in the shadow of contemporary skyscrapers.
Chiang Mai's heart is its Old City, an area surrounded by remnants of ancient walls and moats originally constructed for defence; yet Chiang Mai is a modern city with a growing infrastructure of modern shopping malls, international restaurants and condominiums. The contrast is part of the town's charm.
Whether you plan on a long visit or short, you will be touched by the friendliness of the people and the beauty of Chiang Mai.
Chang Mai wall_city
History
Chiang Mai's historic strength derived from its important strategic location near a southern branch of the ancient Silk Road. Long before the modern influx of foreign visitors the city served as an important centre for handcrafted goods, umbrellas, jewellery (particularly silver) and woodcarving.Chiang Mai owes her existence to the Ping River which provided the trade route which could be extended beyond the wall of mountains that surround the Chiang Mai valley. It became a channel for trade from China and Burma to the Gulf of Siam. The wide, fertile valley, able to support a large number of people, became the basis of political power in the feudal kingdom of Lanna (Kingdom of One Million Rice Fields).Archaeological excavations show the area has been inhabited by humans for over two thousand years. However, the city of Chiang Mai was founded in 1296 by King Mengrai as the capital of the first independent Thai state, Lanna Thai. It became the cultural and religious centre of the northern Tai, who had migrated from southern China to dwell in Thailand, and remained so throughout the turbulent period of recurring Burmese attacks. The Burmese finally captured Chiang Mai in 1556 and occupied it until King Taksin retook the city in 1775, driving the Burmese forces back to near the present border. Burmese influence on religion, architecture, language, cuisine, and culture, however, remains strong.Local princes, called chao, remained in nominal control of the city in the late 18th and early 19th century, though they deferred to the King of Siam in Bangkok. In 1874, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), concerned with encroachment by the British (who had teak-logging interests as occupiers of Burma) and fearful of a conflict with them, sent a commission to Chiang Mai, which eventually limited the power of the local princes and brought the Lanna Kingdom further under the control of the central government in Bangkok. In 1939, the city was formally and fully integrated into the kingdom of Thailand, becoming the administrative centre of the north. In 1996, the city celebrated its 700th anniversary.
Wat_Chiang_Man
IN CHIANG MAI
Doi Angkhang, Doi Suthep, Doi Inthanon National Park, Elephant shows, Ob luang, Phu Ping Palace, Snake Farm, Chiangmai Zoo, Samoeng, Huay Kaew Waterfall, Khun Mae Ya, Travel, Hotels, Resorts, Tours, Waterfalls Chiangmai, Doi Suthep, Doi Pui, Doi Inthanon National Park, Huai Nam Dang, Mae Sa Waterfall, Hotels, Resorts and Travel.

8 ส.ค. 2553

Krabi

Located approximately 814 kilometers from Bangkok is Krabi Province, one of most attractive destinations in southern Thailand. Encompassing an area of 4,708 square kilometers, the western border of Krabi is the Andaman Sea, the northern borders are Surat Thani and Phang-nga Provinces, the southern borders are Trang Province and the Andaman Sea and the eastern borders are Nakhon Si Thammarat and Trang Provinces. Krabi is an ideal getaway destination teeming with natural attractions including white sandy beaches, fascinating coral reefs, numerous large and small islands and verdant forests with caves and waterfalls.
Krabi's topography is mostly mountains and highlands separated by plains in some parts. Flowing through Krabi City to the Andaman Sea at Pak Nam Sub-district is Maenam Krabi which is 5 kilometers in length. In addition, there are several canals originating from the province's highest mountain range, Khao Phanom Bencha including Khlong Pakasai, Khlong Krabi Yai and Khlong Krabi Noi. Lush mangrove forests line the canals and the banks of Maenam Krabi particularly before it empties into the Andaman Sea. The provinces sandy soil conditions are suitable for growing various agricultural products, particularly rubber trees, palms, coconuts, cashew nuts and coffee.

Due to the influence of the tropical monsoon, there are only two seasons in Krabi; the hot season from January to April and the rainy season from May to December. Temperatures range between 17 C and 37 C.

Krabi is administratively divided into 8 Amphoes (Districts): Amphoe Mueang, Khao Phanom, Khlong Thom, Plai Phraya, Ko Lanta, Ao Luek, Lam Thap, and Nuea Khlong. The provinces jurisdiction covers not only in-land districts and sub-districts, but also extends to more than 130 large and small islands including the world famous Phi Phi Islands.

In addition, Krabi is the location of two world class beaches Ao Nang and Hat Rai Le which offer numerous diving trips, restaurants, shops etc. Additional attractions in the province are stunning limestone cliffs and rock formations which make it a heaven for rock climbers and a National Park located approximately 40 kilometers outside of town with lakes, caves and spectacular natural scenery.

History of Krabi

Some archeologists claim that Krabi City is one of the older settlements in the country as there is archaeological evidence indicating that this area had been home to homosapiens during the prehistoric times or between 25,000 - 35,000 B. C. The assumption has been strongly supported by the discovery of stone tools, ancient colored pictures, beads, pottery and skeletal remains in the provinces cliffs and caves.

In 1200 A.D., the area was known as Ban Thai Samo, one of 12 royal cities that had a monkey as the town symbol. During this period of time, Krabi was under the rule of the Kingdom of Ligor, a city better known today as Nakhon Si Thammarat.

During the reign of King Rama V (1868-1910), the community was known as Pakasai Sub-county and remained under the direct jurisdiction of Nakhon Si Thammarat province.

Around 1872, King Rama V elevated Pakasai Sub-county to Krabi Province with the provincial administration office situated at Krabi-yai Sub-county (currently, the office is located near the estuary at Pak Nam Sub-district) and in 1875, ordered the separation of Krabi Province from Nakhon Si Thammarat Province.

During the present reign, the corps of civil servants, merchants, and the people of Krabi and nearby provinces have collectively organized the construction of a royal residence at Laem Hang Nak Cape which is thirty kilometers west of Krabi Town on the Andaman coast to be presented to His Majesty the King.

Origin of the name Krabi

There are two legends concerning the origin of the name "Krabi". The first is that villagers presented a large ancient sword (or krabi) that was discovered by chance to the governor. Later when a smaller, on discovering a smaller one, it was also presented to the governor. Regarded as sacred and auspicious, the governor decided to keep them in the province. As the process for the establishment of the province was still in progress, the swords were placed crossing each other in Khao Khanap Nam cave. Since then, the crossed swords have remained a part of the provincial seal.
The second legend is that "Krabi" was derived from the name of a local tree known as "Lumphi". The Malay and Chinese merchants mispronunciation of the name to "Ka-lu-bi" or "Kho-lo-bi" finally resulted in "Krabi" (or sword).

Distances from Amphoe Mueang (Town) to Neighboring Districts




Ao Luek 43 kms.
Plai Phraya 66 kms.
Khao Phanom 39 kms.
Khlong Thom 42 kms.
Ko Lanta 103 kms.
Lam Thap 67 kms.
Nuea Khlong17 kms.

2 ส.ค. 2553

Wat Phra Kaew Morakot

Phra Kaew Morakot
The First Must Visited Temple in Bangkok. Wat Phra Sri Ratana Sasadaram, officially called the temple of the Emerald Buddha or Wat Phra Kaew, had built in the reign of “King Rama I”, Phra Bat Somdej Phra Phuttha Yod Fa Chula Lok Maha Raja, the founder of the Chakri Dynasty. The construction work had begun in 1782 and completed in 1784. The temple of the Emerald Buddha, the royal chapel, is located east, adjoining the Grand Palace. The temple is particularly built to house the Emerald Buddha, a Buddha image which King Rama I brought from Vientiane when he captured the city.Although it is the most national sacred temple, there is no any resident monk. But, it has only elaborately decorated holy buildings, statues, and pagodas.The Emerald Buddha or Phra Kaew Morakot, the highly revered Buddha image, meticulously carved from a huge block of Jade. It is the Buddha image in the seated meditating position, in the style of the Chiang San School on the north of Thailand.
Wat Phra Kaew
The Emerald Buddha was first discovered in Chiang Rai province in the reign of King Triloknatha (1441-1487). Later, it was taken to several important cities such as Lampang, Chiang Mai, Luang Phra Bang, and Vientiane.When 1778 King Rama I overcame over Laos, he had brought it back at Wat Arun in Thon Buri, the capital at that time. And, in 1785, the Emerald Buddha was transferred from Wat Arun to Wat Phra Kaew and then shrined in the Phra Ubosoth (ordination hall) until now.
The Royal Pantheon or Prasat Phra Thep Bidon, originally called Buddha Prang Prasat, was built in the reign of King Rama IV in 1855. This building is a pavilion with four-square Prangs. It is initially considered to enshrine the Emerald Buddha, but too small to accommodate the congregation at royal ceremonies. Now it is used for keeping statues of deceased 8 kings of Chakri Dynasty.On the four-sides of cloisters like-galleries (Phra Rabiang) around Phra Ubosoth, there are the Mural Paintings depicting Ramakien epic (The Thai version of the Hindu epic, Ramayana). These paintings consist of 178 sections, firstly done in the reign of King Rama I. Later, some parts of Phra Rabiang and paintings were renovated from time to time in the present Chakri Dynasty.
The paintings of Ramayana epic around Phra Rabiang start from north door turn to the west.
The golden Stupa, Phra Sri Ratana Chedi, has a bell shape which is the Ceylonese style. The chedi was built by Rama IV to house a relic of the Buddha. Its form imitates the large chedi of Phra Sri Sanphet temple in Ayutthaya, the former capital of Thailand. Later, in the time of King Rama V had applied the golden tile mosaics to the Chedi.
Phra Mondop, Ho Tri, or the library, was built in the time of King Rama I, containing the new copy of Tipitaka (important Buddhist scriptures). Phra Mondop is based on the Pillars and located between Phra Sri Ratana Chedi and The Royal Pantheon. However, it is almost always closed to the public.

If you have a free time, you can visit Patron Rub ushi, Gate-keeping Giants, Phra Vihara Yod (The spired Hall), Model of Angor Wat, The lined Pavilions (Sala Rai), etc.

This is the guide of the first Temple in Bangkok in ThaiLook.Blogspot.com
How to getting to Wat Phra Kaew
Located within the Grand Palace, near Sanam Luang, Phra Nakorn District, Bangkok
Tel No. 02 623-5500 ext. 1830, 3100
By Bus - 1, 2, 3, 9, 15, 19, 25, 30, 32, 33, 39, 42, 43, 44, 47, 53, 59, 60, 64, 65, 68, 70, 79, 80, 82, 91, 123, 124, 201, 203, 503, 508, 512
By Air-conditioned Bus - 1, 6, 7, 8, 12, 25, 38, 39, 44, 59, 524
By Chaopraya river - Tha Chang pier



Temple Talk
There are hundreds of Thai Buddhist temples (Wat) in Bangkok. Several of these will vary in styles and sizes but will consist of the principles of Buddhist architecture. Many visitors may not be familiar with the structures inside a temple-compound. Therefore, this part will recommend you the concise meaning of Thai Buddhist temple terminology.

Wat
Other words are Thai Buddhist temple or monastery. In general, Wat is substitutes for the collection of several Buddhist structures within the courtyard and enclosed by walls with several gateways.
Anyway, in Thailand the chief religious architectures are Chedi, Ubosoth, Vihara, Prang, Mondop and Prasat. The other buildings that are not very essential - Kuti, Ho Trai, Sala and Ho Rakhang.

Bot or Ubosoth
Other words are Ordination Hall or Convocation Hall or Assembly Hall. Ubosoth are always used for Buddhist clergy performing ritual of the monastic community or other significant ritual ceremonies. Another meaning, Ubosoth is the heart of the monastery and would be a monk centre.
Besides, Ubosoth will always enshrine the Buddha statue. Ubosoth may generally have three doors, both at the front and one at the rear of Ubosoth. The exterior of Ubosoth will be observed by the six boundary stones (Bai Sema or Sema stones). There will only be one Ubosoth in the temple. Some temples may not give the public permission to enter Ubosoth. Only the monks can be permitted to perform ritual ceremonies.

Viharn or Vihara
The sermon hall or Buddhist Monastery is used for enshrining major Buddha statues. Actually, Vihara is a replica of Ubosoth. In Bangkok and the central of Thailand, most Vihara are usually smaller than Ubosoth.
Viharn always opened to everyone to meet and pray together. There are no Sema stones surrounding Vihara like Ubosoth. Maybe, there are several Vihara within the temple.

Sema (Bai Sema or Sema stone)
The marks of boundary are made of stone slabs and represent the sacred ground of the temple. They are usually in leaf-shaped stone, putting up right from the ground and always surrounded Ubosoth by eight boundary stones. However, Sema in some temples had nicely been decorated.

Chofah
Chofah are the decoration as the horn-like finials (gable apex) on the roof ridges of temples. They represent the ‘Garuda’ head, the mythical bird.

Chedi
Other words are pagoda or stupa. Chedi is generally bell-shaped solid structure. In Thailand, Chedi is the most holy sacred religious structure in Thai temple because the underneath of the interior area of Chedi will always contain some relics of the Buddha and some are built to contain some relics of the magnificent revered Buddhist monks.
The prototype of Chedi originated in central India. In Thailand, we are able to see Chedi or Stupa of the classic type in several various forms. However, the round chedi that were often built in Bangkok and the central of Thailand. It has the same elements as the Indian prototype which was introduced from Sri Lanka - a high drum formed by many moldings of the same design, a bell-shaped dome, a square throne surmounted by a low circular colonade supporting the high and slender Chatra (umbrella)

Prang
The Khmer-style religious architecture (Khmer prang), a vertical tall finger-like spire and usually elaborately carved. Later, this feature was later adopted by Thai important religious architecture. Usually, Prang has three niches and one entrance door toward a very steep staircase. The internal area sometimes contains Buddha statues.In Bangkok, Prangs can be easily found in several Buddhist temples such as Wat Phra Kaew (The temple of Emerald Buddha), Wat Pho, Wat Arun, etc. However, Prangs can be conveniently seen in North-East region of Thailand, such as Phimai Prang, Phanomrung Prang, etc.

Sala
Generally, Sala is any open-sided pavilion. In a temple, these may be used for sermon and resting place to the public.Like magnificent structures, some Sala were ornamented with glazed tiles and beautiful gilded decoration on the gables.

Ho Trai and Mondop
Other words are Ho Phra or the scripture hall or Buddhist library of the temple. Thai Mondop will be similar to Mandapa of Indian temples.Mondop is usually a very small and highly decorated building. However, Mondop may be a quare-shape structure, entirely made of bricks. Their pyramidal upper part is formed by two or three layers of roofing or usually topped with a spire section (spire library). Anyway, some Mondop were made of wooden roofing, decorated with wooden carvings, gilded and enriched with multi-color glass mosaics. Ho Trai or Mondop is the place to contain the Tipitaka (Teachings of Buddha or The Buddhist Scriptures), other important Buddhist religious sacred manuscripts, and some holy objects. Some Mondop may also serve as store room for holy opjects used in religious ceremonies.

Belfry or Bell Tower (Ho Rakhang)
In Thailand, the belfry generally has no special artistic attraction. Normally, belfry is shaped with four wooden or brick poles, and provided a high platform with steps on one or four sides. A pyramidal roof is built over the platform and the bell is suspended within.

Kuti
Normally, Thai temples have the residential section of monks (Sangghavas). Kuti is monks’ living place and varied in several sizes and shapes with simply construction, and no any artistic features.






1 ส.ค. 2553

Bangkok History

The Grand Palace Bangkok
History of Bangkok The town of Bangkok (บางกอก ) began as a small Khmer trading center and port community on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River before the establishment of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, the precursor of modern Thailand which existed from 1350 to 1767. The etymology of the town's name is unclear. Bang is the Central Thai name for a town situated on the bank of a river. It is believed that "Bangkok" derived from either Bang Kok, kok (กอก) being the Thai name for one or more olive-bearing fruits (olive in Thai is makok [มะกอก]); or Bang Koh, koh meaning "island," a reference to the area's landscape which was carved by rivers and canals.
Wat Phra Kaew
Wat Phra Kaew was constructed as part of the Grand Palace complex at the founding of the capital.
After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese Kingdom in 1767, the newly declared King Taksin established a new capital in the area of then-Bangkok, which became known as Thonburi. When Taksin's reign ended in 1782, King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke reconstructed the capital on the east bank of the river and gave the city a ceremonial name (see below) which became shortened to its current official name, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (which, similarly to "Los Angeles" means "city of angels"). The new city, however, also inherited the name Bangkok, which continued to be used by foreigners to refer to the entire city and became its official English name, while in Thai the name still refers only to the old district on the west bank of the river. The city has since vastly modernized and undergone numerous changes, including the introduction of transportation and utility infrastructure in the reigns of King Mongkut and King Chulalongkorn, and quickly developed into the economic center of Thailand.
Bangkok (Thai: กรุงเทพฯ Krung Thep) is the capital of Thailand and by far its largest city with an estimated population of over 11 million.Bangkok is one of Asia’s most cosmopolitan cities. Created as the Thai capital in 1782 by the first monarch of the present Chakri dynasty, Bangkok is a national treasure house and Thailand’s spiritual, cultural, political, commercial, educational and diplomatic centre.

Geography Bangkok exceeds 1,500 square kilometres in area and is home to more than one-tenth of the country's population. Major tourist attractions include glittering Buddhist temples, palaces, timeless “Venice of the East” canal and river scenes, classical dance extravaganzas, and numerous shopping centres.

History of Muay Thai

Muay Thai is a martial art whose roots immersed in the history of Thailand. Muay (Thai Boxing) Thai Muay Thai is spoken by native Thais. Muay Thai is a brutal sport and demanding combat sport, with participants with fists, elbows, knees and feet as weapons to strike the enemy. Muay Thai is practiced in Thailand, with international participationclearly growing over the past ten years.

Thai boxing has a historical value, the sport is enjoyed by those who practice it. This history, culture, the Thai government to support forms of boxing has been developed over the centuries, the battle military and imperial, religious influences, cultural heritage, social development.
The original source of Thai boxing can be traced back 2,000 years in southern China Ao Lai tribes that migrated southcentral plains of what is now the Kingdom of Thailand. Since all records of Siam in the history of the period Ayuddhaya Burma have been destroyed, it is difficult for the precise origin of writing. Therefore, the origins of Muay Thai has been passed down orally from generation to generation, with modern Muay Thai fighters against the understanding of the value created by the warrior respectful of them by a combination of artistic skill and explosiveSerenity. It 'been said that great leaders in Thailand, many Thai proven warrior spirit that Muay paved the way for development. In the 15th Century King Naresuan the Great was known for his courage against the Burmese. Phra Chao Suua or King Tiger (1662 -1709) was an enthusiastic supporter of Muay Thai. The Tiger King Muay Thai fights, adopted in all of Thailand.
King Taskin the Great reigned from 1767 to1784 and rose to prominence from the ashes Ayuddhaya when the capital of Siam. The Burmese invaded the city and destroyed all the historical records of Siam. After an intense battle, captured in the Burmese King Taksin Ayuddhaya gathered 500 supporters and fled to the east, which is now known as the Issan region of Thailand. Taskin king built a new army in the region with hak legendary warrior Phraya Pichai DAAB as its supreme commander. The name means hak DAAB 'BrokenSword ", a name that fought as when he fought on, without a sword, after he broke in two during the battle, using techniques such as Muay Thai is now known. Phraya Pichai DAAB hak King Taskin led to a glorious victory on the Burmese inexorable.
Nai Khanom Tom is considered the most famous fighter in boxing history in Thailand. He was the first boxer to have fought in another country. After being held by the Burmese during the war captured Nai Khanom Tom challengedFighting the 10 best boxers of Burmese Bando. He defeated all one after another and brought again the freedom of Siam.
The form of boxing and wrestling in Thailand, in historical times was known as Muay Boran, and has been fighting a battle using significant form of military, therefore, Korat to death. Muay was a special kind of Muay Boran is now Muay Thai was practiced in the heart, the region northeast of Thailand,Issan. Muay Korat is the emphasis was on the force, with the strike in Buffalo is so powerful it might be a Buffalo with one shot.
Muay Boran was finally part of the Siam Society, with entertainment events, festivals and staged, but always kept in combat as a form of military.
Legend has it that in these historical forms of Thai boxing warriors wore hemp dipped his hands tied resin or starch. In extreme battles handswere also broken glass makes it a struggle to the death to deny coverage as seen in the famous movie Kickboxer.
King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) has revived the practice of Siam Muay Thai in his elevation to the throne in 1868. The art was held with participation in a sport in order to convert aid move, self defense, relaxation and personal development. training camps were established throughout the country to allow the practice to bemaintained and developed. Very few modern warehouse bear the ethics and traditions of the original fields, an example is the act of consuming alcohol during the registration in a stock strictly prohibited at all times. Unfortunately, many modern stores in tourist destinations, which are essentially against the initial goal of this secluded training camp have created.
Muay Thai has influenced modern called "The art of eight limbs" and wasModern Western boxing with the adoption of boxing gloves and a square roped ring, which has its origin in Western boxing.
An important part of the tradition of boxing in Thailand, which is still in operation of the Wai Kru, a pre match ritual dance, which is charged to the coach fighters. Wai is a term used, respect for the head and bend derived from the Buddhist tradition and Kru means teacher. Muay Thai trainers are also referred to AA-Jarn but Kru is more appropriate.
Thai KickBoxing
Muay Thai is seen a modern re-birth and growth worldwide in the realization of their importance in Mixed Martial Arts MMA MMA. Many fighters make the trip to Thailand to learn Muay Thai Muay Thai is seen as an essential part of it MMA, which is a testament to the true warriors and sporting values.
The art of Muay Thai kickboxing is not to be confused with the modern. Many of the skills> Muay Thai, the tradition of centuries have been developed, not replicated in the modern kickboxing, the programs are very popular in the U.S. and the world of fitness. However, Muay Thai training provides a superior form of combat, air conditioning and athletic ability because of its technical requirements in the use of impressive eight points.

28 ก.ค. 2553

Jomtien Beach

Jomtien Beach

Jomtien Beach is divided from the main part of Pattaya by Pratumnak Hill, just south of Pattaya city.This 6-kilometres long, largely straight beach, some 4 kilometers ,is the most notable of several beaches south of the resort. The beach is popular with windsurfers and water sports enthusiasts, largely because the area enjoys brisk and fresh breezes sweeping inland from the Thai Gulf, and because the seas are less congested with boats than is Pattaya Bay. Jomtien is also a major residential area with beachside hotels, bungalow complexes, condominiums and restaurants.
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ThaiFood
Tom Yam Kung (spicy shrimp soup)
Phat Thai (fried noodles of Thai style)
Kaeng Khiao Wan Kai (green chicken curry)
Phat Kaphrao (meat fried with sweet basils) 
Kaeng Phet Pet Yang (roast duck curry)
Tom Kha Kai (chicken in coconut soup) 
Yam Nua (spicy beef salad)
Mu or Kai sa-te (roast pork or chicken coated with turmeric) 
Kai Phat Met Mamuang Himmaphan (chicken fried with cashew nuts) 
Phanaeng (meat in coconut cream) 
Som Tam (Papaya salad)
Wong Amat Beach

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Wong Amat Beach
The northern most tip of Pattaya Second Road, where it meets North Pattaya Road, marks the end of Pattaya Bay and the start of the area known as Naklua. To reach it, just head north from the distinctive dolphin roundabout. The name means 'salt fields', in reference to the predominant occupation of the area before the rise of tourism 'salt farming.Today, it still has the air of a village, with some old houses, narrow streets, traditional noodle shops, temples, a fishing pier, and many locals. Slowly that is changing, however, with many condominium blocks now in the area, and lots of hotels and restaurants too. The area's most distinctive features are definitely its small intimate beaches, including Wong Amat and Naklua Beach, as well as the outdoor architectural museum, the Sanctuary of Truth. With Pattaya largely dedicated to single travellers and couples on package tours, Naklua makes a great alternative for families

Wong Phrachan Beach
Wong Phrachan Beach is on the northern side of Pattaya Bay. The 1 kilometer beach shares the same entrance as the Central Wong Amat Hotel. A quiet spot, the beach is ideal for swimming and relaxation.




10 Good Things About Pattaya
There is always another side to a coin. I am a permanent resident of Pattaya and I have heard crude stories about this place being location for sex and drugs. I can actually pin point some very good reasons to be in this tropical island.
1. Pattaya has the finest of international cuisine such as Lebanese, Thai, Spanish, German, Italian, Mexican, Japanese, Chinese, Vietnamese, Indian, Russian, French and many more. Pattaya also has a lot of delicious steak houses.
2. In Pattaya, it is such a pleasant feeling seeing smiling faces all around you. Thai’s are very nice and caring people. It surely is ‘land of smiles’, especially in Pattaya.
3. Pattaya has relaxing clean sea air at the beaches and even the nearby beaches are beautiful and just an hour away. A more relaxing atmosphere when compared with big city like Bangkok.
4. Pattaya is one of the best places for golf. The golf driving ranges here are of good quality and reasonable price. Believe me you would not find it anywhere else in the world.
5. Thai massages are famous worldwide. In Pattaya, we have good massage parlors and spas. Whether it is Thai herbal massage, oil massage, aromatherapy massage, facial massage, foot massage. You can get them all here.
6. There are many water activities to do here such as windsurfing, parasailing, jet skis and canoeing. Visitors from all over the world have enjoyed learning to dive or just simply diving for fun in the sea around Pattaya.
7. Did you know the maximum charity collected for unprivileged children in this country comes from the charity clubs in Pattaya?
8. After your retirement if you plan to settle down for good in Pattaya. You need not worry about your children education. Endless international schools have been opened here with good foreign teachers.
9. Pattaya is also known as entertainment city with disco’s and pubs just like in western countries. The cinema halls here are good and you can catch up with all the latest movies.
10. With the opening of new airport “Suwannabhumi”. Pattaya will boom, well it has started already. So contact the real estate agents quickly before the land prices reach sky high and you might just regret for missing a chance to be in this tropical island.